Freight transport has increased significantly all over the world. In the EU alone, more than 2200 billion tonne-kilometres of packages are transported by road, rail, air and shipping routes. With the advent of e-commerce and online payment systems, more and more people are ordering items from abroad. There is a well-oiled process through which the package passes through from overseas to your doorstep. The process involves lots of workers and processes. These are shipping lines, booking agents, freight forwarders like Skypax, as well as customer house brokers. There are seven steps in the life-cycle of a transportation package.

I. The preparation of the Package. The first step is packing the freight. Once packed the freight package has to be weighed for you to be able to estimate its cost. Besides the weight, the package has to be measured regarding size. You’ll also have to put down the receiver’s address and then select a carrier. Once delivered to the shipper, the package is labelled and then paid for. When shipping, you have to make sure that you understand the laws governing the shipping of the specific items that you are sending overseas. There are always special provisions for pets, fragile items, and oversized items.

II. Export Haulage. Once handed to the shipper, the package is then taken to the shipper from the forwarders premise. This is done at an export or international shipping consolidation warehouse. Forwarders usually have their own staffers or designated workers within an independent warehouse. If the shipper is responsible for this part of the haulage, it would typically be arranged through a local transport firm. If, however, the consignee is responsible, it makes better business sense to use a freight forwarder who can offer export haulage of your package as part of the international transportation.

III. Export Customs Clearance. All packages are subjected to customs formalities in line with regulatory requirements. In this phase, the necessary documents are handed to the authorities for verification and double checking. This can only be processed by firms that have a valid custom license. The export customs clearance can be performed by a freight forwarder or an agent that he or she has appointed. This process has to be completed before the package can leave the country of origin. This process can also be completed by a customs house broker. However, this is the only task he or she can perform in the shipping process.

IV. Origin handling and Ocean Freight. This involves all the processes revolving around, packing, sorting labelling, and moving the package to the port ready for shipping. Preferably the consignee has to use a particular forwarder for their import shipments. In such instance, you have to agree that the shipper must pay for origin charges, automatically the carrier will buy origin charges from that forwarder too. It’s the responsibility of the freight forwarder to choose the mode of transportation for the package. The freight costs are included in the shipper’s costs. Freight cost is just one of the charges involved. There are a number of industry-specific surcharges included too.

V. Import Customs Clearance. This is activated once the package reaches the destination country. It’s a formality involving the stamping of documents to acknowledge that the package has been received. This is always done by the agent of the freight forwarder or custom house broker. This is followed by destination handling to which several charges are effected. The final process is the actual delivery of the package to the consignee. This can be performed by the freight forwarder, or local transport firm contracted to deliver the package to the stated address.

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